General Surgery Conditions
Your gastrointestinal (GI) tract refers to the organs that takes in the food that you eat, digests it for energy and nutrients, and helps to expel the remaining waste. The GI tract is about 20 feet long and consists of the upper and lower GI tracts. The upper GI tract includes your mouth, pharynx, esophagus, and stomach. The pharynx is located behind the mouth and leads to the esophagus. The lower GI tract consists of your small and large intestines (colon), and end of the rectum (anus).
- Achalasia (swallowing disorder
- Gallbladder Disease
Any of these conditions can cause pain, as well as other symptoms that affect your daily life.
Obesity is a term used to describe body weight that is much greater than what is considered healthy. If you are obese, you have a much higher amount of body fat than is healthy or desirable. Anyone who is more than 100 pounds overweight or who has a BMI (Body Mass Index) greater than 40 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese.
Achalasia is a disorder of the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach (esophagus), which affects the ability of the esophagus to move food toward the stomach. A muscular ring at the point where the esophagus and stomach come together (lower esophageal sphincter) normally relaxes during swallowing. In people with achalasia, this muscle ring does not relax properly. The reason for this is damage to the nerves of the esophagus.
Gallbladder Disease & Stones
Gallbladder disease includes inflammation, infection, stones, or blockage of the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a sac located under the liver. It stores and concentrates bile produced in the liver. Bile aids in the digestion of fat, and is released from the gallbladder into the upper small intestine in response to food (especially fats).
All surgery presents risk, including da Vinci Surgery. Results, including cosmetic results, may vary. Serious complications may occur in any surgery, up to and including death. Examples of serious and life-threatening complications, which may require hospitalization, include injury to tissues or organs; bleeding; infection, and internal scarring that can cause long-lasting dysfunction or pain. Temporary pain or nerve injury has been linked to the inverted position often used during abdominal and pelvic surgery. Patients should understand that risks of surgery include potential for human error and potential for equipment failure. Risk specific to minimally invasive surgery may include: a longer operative time; the need to convert the procedure to an open approach; or the need for additional or larger incision sites. Converting the procedure to open could mean a longer operative time, long time under anesthesia, and could lead to increased complications. Research suggests that there may be an increased risk of incision-site hernia with single-incision surgery. Patients who bleed easily, have abnormal blood clotting, are pregnant or morbidly obese are typically not candidates for minimally invasive surgery, including da Vinci Surgery. Other surgical approaches are available. Patients should review the risks associated with all surgical approaches. They should talk to their doctors about their surgical experience and to decide if da Vinci is right for them. For more complete information on surgical risks, safety and indications for use, please refer to http://www.davincisurgery.com/da-vinci-surgery/safety-information.php.
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PN 1002273 Rev A 04/2013 PN 873871-A U1-20-11