Symptoms of gallbladder disease are often called a gallbladder "attack" because the symptoms occur suddenly. Gallbladder attacks often follow fatty meals and may occur during the night. A typical attack can cause:
- Steady pain in upper, right side of abdomen that increases quickly and lasts 30 minutes to several hours
- Pain in your back between the shoulder blades
- Pain under your right shoulder
Contact your doctor if you think you have had a gallbladder attack. Although these attacks often go away as gallstones shift or move, your gallbladder can become infected and rupture if a blockage persists.2 People with any of the following symptoms should see a doctor immediately:
- Pain that lasts more than 4 hours
- Nausea and vomiting
- Chills or fever, even low-grade
- Yellowish discoloration of the skin or whites of the eyes
- Clay-colored stools
Many people with gallstones have no symptoms. These gallstones are called "asymptomatic stones" and they do not interfere with how the gallbladder, liver, or pancreas functions.
All surgery presents risk, including da Vinci Surgery. Results, including cosmetic results, may vary. Serious complications may occur may occur in any surgery, up to and including death. Examples of serious and life-threatening complications, which may require hospitalization, include injury to tissues or organs; bleeding; infection, and internal scarring that can cause long-lasting dysfunction or pain. Temporary pain or nerve injury has been linked to the inverted position often used during abdominal and pelvic surgery. Patients should understand that risks of surgery include potential for human error and potential for equipment failure. Risk specific to minimally invasive surgery may include: a longer operative time; the need to convert the procedure to an open approach; or the need for additional or larger incision sites. Converting the procedure to open could mean a longer operative time, long time under anesthesia, and could lead to increased complications. Research suggests that there may be an increased risk of incision-site hernia with single-incision surgery. Patients who bleed easily, have abnormal blood clotting, are pregnant or morbidly obese are typically not candidates for minimally invasive surgery, including da Vinci Surgery. Other surgical approaches are available. Patients should review the risks associated with all surgical approaches. They should talk to their doctors about their surgical experience and to decide if da Vinci is right for them. For more complete information on surgical risks, safety and indications for use, please refer to http://www.davincisurgery.com/da-vinci-surgery/safety-information.php.
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PN 1002278 Rev A 04/2013 U 10/22/2012