Symptoms of Kidney Disorders
Urinary Obstruction - Symptoms
Urinary obstructions such as blockage of the ureter (tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder) may not cause any symptoms. The blockage may allow the affected kidney to function normally, even though the kidney is not in its normal position. Many people do not discover they have this condition until they have tests for other reasons. Sometimes, a doctor may feel a lump in the abdomen during a routine exam. In other cases, the obstruction may cause abdominal pain or urinary problems.
When a kidney is out of its normal position, urine drainage problems are common. Sometimes, urine can even flow backwards from the bladder to the kidney. This is called vesicoureteral reflux. It is important to see your doctor if you notice any unusual symptoms, even if they seem minor.
All surgery presents risk, including da Vinci Surgery. Results, including cosmetic results, may vary. Serious complications may occur in any surgery, up to and including death. Examples of serious and life-threatening complications, which may require hospitalization, include injury to tissues or organs; bleeding; infection, and internal scarring that can cause long-lasting dysfunction or pain. Temporary pain or nerve injury has been linked to the inverted position often used during abdominal and pelvic surgery. Patients should understand that risks of surgery include potential for human error and potential for equipment failure. Risk specific to minimally invasive surgery may include: a longer operative time; the need to convert the procedure to an open approach; or the need for additional or larger incision sites. Converting the procedure to open could mean a longer operative time, long time under anesthesia, and could lead to increased complications. Research suggests that there may be an increased risk of incision-site hernia with single-incision surgery. Patients who bleed easily, have abnormal blood clotting, are pregnant or morbidly obese are typically not candidates for minimally invasive surgery, including da Vinci Surgery. Other surgical approaches are available. Patients should review the risks associated with all surgical approaches. They should talk to their doctors about their surgical experience and to decide if da Vinci is right for them. For more complete information on surgical risks, safety and indications for use, please refer to http://www.davincisurgery.com/da-vinci-surgery/safety-information.php.
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PN 1002329 Rev A 04/2013